The Peer Reviewers' Openness Initiative: incentivizing open research practices through peer review

Field of Interest2: Researcher
Authors/Initiative

Richard D. Morey, Christopher D. Chambers, Peter J. Etchells, Christine R. Harris, Rink Hoekstra, Daniel Lakens, Stephan Lewandowsky, Candice Coker Morey, Daniel P. Newman, Felix D. Schonbrodt, Wolf Vanpaemel, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Rolf A. Zwaan

Short Description

Openness is one of the central values of science. Open scientific practices such as sharing data, materials and analysis scripts alongside published articles have many benefits, including easier replication and extension studies, increased availability of data for theory-building and meta-analysis, and increased possibility of review and collaboration even after a paper has been published. Although modern information technology makes sharing easier than ever before, uptake of open practices had been slow. We suggest this might be in part due to a social dilemma arising from misaligned incentives and propose a specific, concrete mechanism—reviewers withholding comprehensive review—to achieve the goal of creating the expectation of open practices as a matter of scientific principle.

Access

Gold

Reference

Morey, R. D., Chambers, C. D., Etchells, P. J., Harris, C. R., Hoekstra, R., Lakens, D., ... & Vanpaemel, W. (2016). The Peer Reviewers' Openness Initiative: incentivizing open research practices through peer review. Royal Society open science, 3(1), 150547.

DOI

10.1098/rsos.150547

Link

http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/3/1/150547

Tags: peer review open science paper