Publishers' User Guide

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1. What are the benefits of open peer review?

  • Transparency helps to identify manipulations with the system and to detect conflict of interest
  • Decreases reviewer’s abuse: by disclosing reviewer identities, reviewers will be held accountable for the quality, content, and professionalism of their reviews by journal editors and the scholarly community.
  • Papers published under open peer review process show ‘top citation performance within their fields.

2. How to motivate peer reviewers?

Ways to create incentives for greater participation and better reviews:
  • allowing reviewers to sign their work, and to publish the review alongside the paper itself,
  • acknowledgement of the review work,
  • waiving page or publication charges to reviewers, acknowledging them in the journal, giving reviewers feedback on the quality and outcome of their review, or even rewarding the best reviewers with appointments to the editorial board.

3. Why does training peer reviewers benefit the publishing process?

  • young researchers require more guidance on how to get it right
  • 60% of editors have difficulty in finding qualified reviewers.
  • 64% of authors in HSS and 63% in STM who are yet to review a paper would like formal training

4. What are the proactive peer review viewpoints (e.g.: PRO initiative)?